Functionalism: Organic architecture
An architectonic movement promoted by Scandinavian architects from the first half of the XX century and by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright who tossed the term organic architecture. Wright promoted the concept of “form and function are one”, where nature is the best example of integration. The objective was an architecture that promoted a balanced relationship between form, design, and function for an integration of the buildings in the surrounding natural environment. Another prominent architect of the XX century is Charles-Édouard Jeanerette (Le Corbusier). Le Corbusier projected urban zones where streets were placed on the roof of the buildings, in harmony with the surrounding vegetation. In his collection of assays, Le Corbusier describe the use of roof gardens to compensate for the green area used for the building.
Picture by Tom Fisk.